The consortium work is managed and coordinated by FTW. Work packages emphasizing technical research are led by FTW, social research by UTU, and democracy research by ORU. The figure below shows the inter-dependencies of the work packages. The actual research work is started in WP 2 by collecting the requirements for pervasive participation approaches in an interdisciplinary approach. Based on these prerequisites, the consortium will work on the social aspects of pervasive participation in WP 4 and the required governance framework in WP 5. At the same time, we will start prototyping and evaluating novel pervasive participation techniques for citizens in WP 3 which will finally be integrated in a pervasive participation platform in WP 6. Both these work packages will steadily consider newly gained knowledge from WP 4 and WP 5. The platform with its final applications as well as the explored concepts and theories will be validated through a Living Lab field trial in WP 7. The work packages 1 and 8 are responsible for project management and dissemination/exploitation and thus span the entire project duration.
WP1: Project Management
Perform overall project management, and establish and maintain a communication and controlling infrastructure. This includes coordinating the respective activities, resources, equipment and information within the project according to the approved plans and implementing suitable procedures for quality management.
All tasks will be accomplished by using state of the art management instruments and methods in order to facilitate an unobstructed and successful project and research progress.
Collect and structure the basic requirements framework for pervasive participation, which will serve as a basis for the succeeding work packages. The requirements framework includes viewpoints of social (i.e. user) requirements (UTU), user interfaces (FTW), and policy process and legal requirements (ORU). It requires interdisciplinary research by all teams, coordinated by UTU. The principles will be decided in the first meeting when the research project is launched and the results will be summed up and discussed in a meeting at the end of WP.
WP3: Pervasive Participation Techniques
This work package is concerned with the investigation of efficient techniques for enabling pervasive participation for citizens. The project team will follow a user-centered prototyping process and will develop functional application prototypes running on off-the-shelf mobile devices under the continuous involvement of and assessment by end-users. For each level of participation, we plan to build one novel low-end prototype which can easily be deployed on current mass market smartphones and one sophisticated prototype exploiting high-end hardware. Based on comparative evaluations with test users in a modern user experience lab, we will derive validated guidelines for the creation of mobile user interfaces for pervasive participation.
WP4: Social Activation and Impact
This work package investigates conditions under which pervasive participation applications are attractive to use and provide guidelines how to include broad population groups as potential users and diminish effect of the ‘digital divide’. It also contains a context analysis of the field-specific requirements of the chosen Living Labs (together with WP 5), including involvement practices of citizens and policy-makers to design process, according to the Living Lab principles.
WP5: Governance Framework
This work package investigates conditions under which pervasive participation can become an effective policy-making tool. Further, it prepares a road map for the introduction of pervasive participation in policy processes.
WP6: Pervasive Participation Platform
The overall objective of this work package is the implementation of a robust pervasive participation platform prototype consisting of a centralized server-side system and mobile client applications for field-testing formerly developed pervasive participation concepts.
WP7: Living Lab Field Trial
In this work package we will test the developed pervasive participation platform (created in WP 6, on the basis of information gathered in WPs 2-5) in an urban Living Lab field trial. A concrete real-life setting of topical interest for urban planning will be defined for the field trial, which will enable representatives of relevant stakeholder groups to intensively use the technology over a period of several months. The main Living Lab field trial will be conducted in the City of Turku, and in addition a complementary study with a forerunner user group will be organized. Within the evaluation, technical, social and policy process will be considered.
WP8: Dissemination and Exploitation
This work package will assure the wide communication of research results in appropriate forms to all relevant stakeholders such as the general public, the respective scientific communities, policy-makers, and companies working in the field to deepen the impact of the proposed research. Further, the corresponding exploitation activities aim at the efficient employment of the resulting guidelines and at facilitating the implementation of investigated pervasive participation concepts for cities. Overall, in this work package, we will target maximizing the benefits for the related stakeholders and achieving the greatest possible practical impact of the research results.